New Traffic Rules Get Knickers In A Twist!

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    By: G.S.Oinam
    Manipur government has not a single one rupee coin budget for consultancy and expert hiring. The causes of mistake are, first I didn’t know, second, I didn’t think; and third, I didn’t’ care. Indian babus are Asia’s worse bureaucrats (TIO report). Some of them are hot in wicked tricks and looting skills and feel themselves they are wise and tall! Never mind, it is a temporary pressure and not personal. Blame it on Netas when popular government comes to power. When you hire people who are smarter than you are, you prove you are smarter than they are. That is why every government have engaged expert consultant on specific field because government officials knowledge is limited and officials  need innovative idea and training from time to time. Traffic regulations and management is a highly sophisticate transports engineering management science. It requires a lot of algebra, algorithms, buffer overflow network, architecture and design network, calculus, packet losses, performance analysis, sequencing and scheduling theory, traffic shaping verification and mechanical formula beside management and controlling to formulate traffic management.  A bimodal urban traffic control strategy based on a multi-agent model we called bimodal traffic- a traffic which takes into account both private vehicles and public vehicles such as taxi, buses, trucks etc are practising world wide. Modern traffic systems has traffic signal light, lane discipline, bifurcation of the road on both sides into two traffic lanes, automated roadway to carry out a traffic regulation system which allows to solve some problems of traffic congestion. More advance system of traffic management in big cities has no stoppage. Road connectivity (traffic crossing) is designed in rotary intersection – a systematic engineering of round flyover type without any stoppage (no red light); for example, AIMMS road connecting system in Ned Delhi. The main objects of providing a rotary are to eliminate the necessity of stopping even for crossing streams for vehicles and to reduce the area of conflict. The crossing of vehicles is avoided by allowing all vehicles to merge into the stream around the rotary and then to diverge out to the desired radiating road.

    The new automated system is modular in nature for ease in future up gradation and maintenance. The systems are designed to handle valuable and sensitive data and have incorporated number of security features. The objective of automating the traffic police force is to maintain the details pertaining to various functions of the traffic police. The system shall provide varied information and reports to the higher officials as and when required. The main objective of the automation shall be to integrate and network the system with state of the art hardware and application software for police force to access and use the Information in their day-to-day duties. This traffic regulation system employs the infra-red light detector to detect whether the pedestrian in the second direction has safely passed through the pedestrian crossing. Therefore, the present traffic regulation system can effectively avoid traffic accidents involving pedestrians.

    Complex engineering systems, such as transportation and energy systems, have shaped our modern society. If we are to prevent failures in these systems, we need to have a clear view on the different elements – technical as well as social – that determine their functioning. Any method of prevention or problem-solving, however, is strongly shaped by the way these socio-technical systems are perceived. In other words, the conceptualization of a socio-technical problem determines which routes are explored.

    Effective and sustained implementation relies on good planning, adequate technical capacity and appropriate cooperation between the traffic police and agencies (usually local government) that install traffic management equipment such as traffic lights, barriers, and others. Not all of these elements are always present in Asian cities, and such deficiencies can affect implementation success. A critical issue concerns the traffic police who play a role in enforcement, but are rarely equipped with the appropriate training for planning, implementation, and management of the traffic management measures they are entrusted with. All Asian cities have some form of traffic management system in place. To date, the emphasis has been on the “hardware” rather than the “software.”

    Traffic management schemes should be designed to deal with unique traffic flow characteristics. Low cost and quickly implemented schemes catering to the specific needs of each vehicle type, including NMVs( non motor vehicles) and pedestrians, are needed. In urban road networks, the junctions are the determinants of road network capacity. Grade junctions also play an important role in providing safe pedestrian road crossing. Once traffic volumes increase, the usual response is to allocate as much road space as possible to vehicles at the expense of NMVs and pedestrians. NMVs and pedestrians often face badly when new roads are constructed or when existing roads are widened. The space they formerly used for movement and parking is often allocated to traffic, without any consideration of how to mitigate NMV displacement. Good planning requires that essential NMV movements be catered for with well-designed, safe and convenient facilities.

    Lazily, I was pushed to open books on traffic management even I don’t see by naked eyes what is the real traffic problem in Manipur, but I have learnt it from newspapers and You Tube uploaded- ICTV news about the traffic congestion in Imphal city and around greater Imphal area. Perhaps, my knowledge for Imphal city traffic congestion may not be sufficient for giving better inputs and accuracy but hopefully, I can share my idea for the improvement of traffic regulations and management in the existing system of Imphal city. We are not much aggressive stalker as you presume, we are ready to support and encourage if somebody does new and good. Judge each day not by the harvest you reap but by the seeds you plant.

    Bhai! You did as it said— If you don’t know how to do a task, start it, then ten people who know less than you will tell you how to do it. Go Ahead! No consultant will come in Manipur to help your existing traffic problem. It is almost outdated manual system. At the end, consultants would like to say— change the structure that is called Master Plan. But never mind, I will suggest you some formula to fit in the existing system temporarily, whether it is suitable for application or not is your duty to find out. There are many design, theorem for traffic regulations and management; however, it may not be fit in the existing Imphal city, even your Singapore experience won’t work.

    First of all- divide traffic regulations and management system of Imphal city into 1) traffic regulation 2) public transport management and 3) parking a lot; for your easy analytical solution.

    The traffic regulations should cover all aspects of control of vehicle, driver and other road users. The regulations should be rational. Traffic regulations and laws give legal coverage for strict enforcement. The traffic laws implemented by legislative laws are obligatory on all road users. The laws should however be uniform and clear. Traffic regulations and laws cover the following four phases. 1) Driver controls – These include driving licenses for light and heavy motor vehicles, driver tests and minimum requirements, financial responsibility and civil liability 2) Vehicle controls-The various regulations and controls on vehicles are vehicle registration, requirements of vehicles, equipment and accessories, maximum dimensions and weight and fitness and inspection of vehicles.3) Flow regulations- Regulations of traffic flow have been laid down such as direction, turning and overtaking, etc. In addition control of vehicle operation in traffic stream are made using appropriate regulatory signs like one way, speed limit, prohibitory signs, pedestrian controls, etc 4) General controls-Some other general regulations and provisions are made to report accidents and recording and disposing traffic violation cases.

    Min-Plus System Theory for Constrained Traffic Regulation and Dynamic Service Guarantees; – By extending the system theory under the (min; +)-algebra to the time varying setting, we solve the problem of constrained traffic regulation and develop a calculus for dynamic service guarantees. For a constrained traffic regulation problem with maximum tolerable delay “d” and maximum buffer size q, the optimal regulator that generates the output traffic conforming to a sub additive envelope f and minimizes the number of discarded packets is a concatenation of the g-clipper with g(t) = min

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